Turmeric is the boiled, dried, cleaned and polished rhizomes of Curcumalonga. The plant is a herbaceous perennial, 60-90 cm high, with a short stemand tufted leaf. There are 7 to 12 leaves, the leaf sheaths forms the pseudostem. The lamina is green above and pale green below and has a length of 30-40cm and width 8-12 cm. Inflorescence is a central spike of 10-15 cm length. 1-4flowers are born in axil of the bract opening one at a time. About 30 flowersare produced in a spike. Seeds are produced in capsules and there will be oneto numerous sunken capsules in an inflorescence.